Week Twelve (Chapter 8 and 9)

Chapter 8 – Organizing Teamwork 

This chapter we learned about working as a team. The chapter distinguished the difference between a “group” and a “team”. A group is two or more members, with a clear leader, who performs independent jobs with individual accountability, evaluation, and rewards. A team is a  small number of members, with shared leadership who perform interdependent jobs with individual and group accountability, evaluation, and rewards. This is interesting because I am in groups with both this semester. There are designated roles in some of my groups, and for two of them, the work is just equally divided. I am not entirely sure which is better, but I do think it is important to find what is the best for the situation given. I thought the mention “Group managers are called directive leaders, and team leaders are empowering leaders” was true. I never thought of it that way, but I see what it means. Groups are meant to really get things done, and team members are more for the long haul. That means that teams need to be involved more emotionally. At least that is how I feel in some of my groups haha.


8-2 Skill Builder: Management Styles in Group Situations
Objective – To determine appropriate leadership styles in group situations.

Assess Your Preferred Team Management Style

  1. B (S)
  2. C (S)
  3. D.(S)
  4. D (S)
  5. D (S)
  6. C (S)
  7. D (S)
  8. C (S)
  9. D (S)
  10. D (S) 0 Sue hurting the member, bring sue to your office and discipline her.
  11. D (S)
  12. A(S)

Autocratic= 10 = One point
Cumulative= 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12 – Six points
Participate=1, 2, 5, 6, 9 = Five points
Empowerment= 0 points

I realized that my styles are really between cumulative and participate. I see myself in these roles, and I feel like I need to diversify myself in the other two styles. This will help in my communication with other team members. It is important to know that we have to adjust to the different dynamics in the different groups I am in.


Why did we read this chapter?

We read this chapter because we not only have to know how we are as individuals to be productive in a group, but we also need to know what the dynamic is in whole for a group to be motivated. There are differences between what a team is and what a group is. Job roles are shared expectations of how group members will fulfill the requirements of their position- what you do to get the job done. Group roles are the roles used through group process, which is how you interact as you work. There are different components to being in a group or team, so it is important to acknowledge that first before the work comes in.

It is also important to know what qualities are part of a good team. It says in the chapter that group cohesiveness is the extent to which members stick together. It is important to make sure everyone is on the same page, and that people are able to adapt to changes that happen within the group. Groups with the highest levels of productivity were highly cohesive and accepted management’s level of productivity. I did not really think of a concrete way of that idea for a group, but now I am glad I have a word for it! A team or group is meant to be multiple people that are cohesive enough to work as one. It is hard to do, but when it works it is great!

How do we use this chapter?

This chapter gave a few tips on how we can use this information. CEO Jeff Bezos uses the two-pizza rule” to guide team size. If it takes more than to pizzas to feed the team, it’s too big. so having five to nine members generally provides the best relationships and performance. Most of my groups is this number of people, except a group where there are eight people. It for sure is harder to coordinate things, but we will make it work. A team should really have enough where personal connections can be made. This is perfect for 4-6 members have 6-15 connections, and the most of us are good at staying in contact with five or six others. I do think this is true, and I have made sure to make sure to have a personal contact with at least one or two people in the group. That way it is harder to feel unattached, and there is a sense of accountability by doing that also.

I also learned how I can do better with how I am as a team member. I consider myself to be the silent type. I will try to participate more often. Come to meetings prepared, knowing what you want to say, and bring notes. A suggestion is to know when to stand up for your views and be assertive, trust yourself, and take risks because you and your ideas are as good as or better than others. I will take all these into account.


Chapter 9 – Human Resources Management

  • Appendix – career – a sequence of related job positions, involving increasing responsibility and increased compensation and held over a lifetime.

9-1 Self Assessment – Career Development

I took this assessment, and it was really a reality check to what I have to really do soon. Here are a few that stood out to me.

I have analyzed help-wanted ads or job descriptions and determined the most important skills I will need to get the type of full-time job I want.

  • I really have not done this as a Junior, but I know this is really the time to be starting this now. I know I want to generally want to start with a local business, then gain my connections throughout different organizations to get into Politics. It does take awhile for me to run for office, so I need to think about what I want to do before that. I have not looked at specific jobs to look for after college, and I do feel that I am behind. I plan to live with my parents after college (it is a part of my culture to live with parents until really established), and so I should look for local jobs at my home. I need to start doing that.

I understand how my strengths and skills are transferable, or how they can be used on jobs I apply for, and I can give exmaples on a resume  and in an interview.

  • I think this is really prevalent to what UMW has to offer. This school is a liberal arts college, so the point of that is to gain the skills that can be used in any job we end up getting. We learn how to work with people, and how to critically think. This helps up innovate and think of new perspectives for a new company. I can think of keywords that all people would put on their resumes, but if I do word it the right way I can really showcase the experiences I have has here at UMW.

I have a resume that is cutomized to each part-time job, summer job, or internship I apply for rather than one generic resume.

  • I do not have this. I have one resume that I use for all the jobs that I have applied for. I make my cover letter to be customizable to the job that I apply for, but I do not change my resume. I think it is smart to put the things that employers will pay attention to, as opposed to putting everything you have done. It seems during an interview it is about first impressions and glancing at the resume real quick. It should not be hard for the employer to find the clear experience and objectives about yourself. I need to work on that.

Work Application A-1

I did not realize that there was a difference between career planning and career development. Career planning is the process of setting career objectives and determining how to accomplish them. This is the “why” we do what we do. It is not like career development where it is the “how” of what we do. Here are the steps:

  • Step 1. Self-assessment – What I did in college experience is try into classes for different subjects I was interested in, and  I declared my majors by the end of my sophomore year. I am privileged to be able to do all four years of college, so I was able to try it. I knew I wanted to either create my own business and then ultimately. I know I am more comfortable one-on-one and speaking in front of people. I also know I try to be open-minded and be a good listener. I have started to be really proud of my identity, and I do feel my place is to represent and serve others. I know people think politicians become corrupt, and they ask me why I want to be one. I realize that we still have to try.
  • Step 2. Career Preferences – This is what motivates me. What really hit me was that when I tell people that I want to be a politician they usually say “wow I did not expect you to want to be one?”. There is for sure a deeper implication to that. People that look and act like me are barely represented in government, so I want to help change that norm.
    • What industry do you want to work in: Government, Public Service
    • What size organization you want to work for: State government
    • What types of jobs you want in your career, which functional areas interest you: Government, Business (Human Relations, Management, Economics)
    • What State: Virginia
    • How much income you expect when you start your career: This is what I need to find out. Public office does not pay too much unless you are one of the top leaders in state government.
      • Virginia House of Delegates Yearly Salary: $17,640
  • Step 3. Career Objectives –
    • Short Range – Work in small businesses, do internships in Northern Virginia, Participates in campaigning
    • Long Range – Run for a local council, work my way up to State Delegate, and then Senator or Governor
  • Step 4. Plan
    • Connections- It is important to build those connections around my town, and then build my networking. Sadly, politicians have to think about image, and not entirely on their experience. I know I limit what I put on social media, but I do need to go into the community more to gain those connections.
  • Step 5. Control – I will solidify my options, and I will see what is the best way to make sure I get my goals done. I am not sure what is the best way to run for office, so I will have to know it is my own journey to find the way.

What are career development efforts that you making?

I am going to intern at the local political party office for both sides and see how both sides work. I am also going to work with a local business soon to learn the ins and outs of how that works.

Work Applications A-2 –  What specific ideas on getting a job do you plan to use? Identify the five steps in the networking process. 

I am planning on using is the “jobs while searching”. I think that is interesting. I have heard of some of my friends becoming substitute teachers, and I think I could do that as extra income.

Work Application A-3 Create your one-minute self-sell.

One minute self-sell is an opening statement used in networking that quickly summarizes your history and career plan and asks a question.

  • History – Hello my name is Alyssa Macaranas. I am a Junior at the University of Mary Washington double majoring in Business Administration and American Studies, and I will graduate in May 2019. I am working as a Senior Resident Assistant in Residence Life.
  • Questions – I am seeking to work with a small business, and I also want to work on a political campaign.
  • Plans – Are there any particular positions that you think I could thrive in with the skills I learned in my degrees?

Why did we read this chapter?

We read this chapter because it was another avenue for self- assessment. I am getting very close to being in the process of applying for jobs, and I realized I did not even know the difference between career planning and career development. I know I what kind of jobs I would be interested, but I need help to show employers the passion I would want for those jobs. It is hard to convey what you want in a job interview because it is more than just wanting the job. It is important to learn about the different things I need to take into account when applying for a job. I do need to get a clean-up up of my resume. I need to also personalize my documents for each job that I will apply for.

How do we use this chapter?

I used this chapter with help on my one-minute self-sell, my resume, and to really think of what my goals are. I can go to the career services to get started, and I need to start now with my career planning. I need to learn about my preferences when it comes to jobs, and what I want in the next five years. I think that actually facing what I want to do helped me face a reality that I was afraid to approach with no direction. I think going through the self-assessment has really helped me narrow what I want to do. I need to get customized resume, and I need to start looking at job ads. Here is to adulthood!

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